Hohenschwangau castle

Hohenschwangau Castle was mentioned the first time in records of the 12th century.

Until the 16th century its owners were the knights of Schwangau. During the following time it changed hands a couple of times and was partially destroyed during different wars.

In 1832 the later King Maximilian II., father of King Ludwig II., acquired the ruin and had the castle rebuilt according to original plans. After its completion it used to be the summer and hunting residence of the Bavarian royal family. In his whole life, the famous Bavarian King Ludwig II. spent a few weeks each summer in Hohenschwangau.

Since 1928 the Wilttelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds owns Hohenschwangau Castle.

König Ludwigs II. childhood and summer residence


1832 – 1836: Crown prince Maximilian of Bavaria had the ruin of Schwanstein Castle being rebuilt in neo-gothic style.

King Ludwig II not only spent his childhood here but used it as a summer residence until his death in 1886.


A look inside Hohenschwangau Castle

The hall of the heroes

The largest room in Hohenschwangau Castle is the banquet hall, which is also called “the hall of the heroes”. The paintings show different scenes of the Wilkina Saga and its hero Dietrich von Bern.

The Oriental-room

The “oriental room” used to be the bedroom of Queen Mary, the mother of King Ludwig II. King Maximilian II had this room furnished after his return of his journey through Turkey and Greece in 1832/1833.

The Hohenstaufen-room

The “Hohenstaufen-room” served King Maximilian II. and King Ludwig II. as dressing room. But it was King Ludwig II. music room as well. The piano, which is to be seen in here, was probably the one, the famous composer Richard Wagner used to play, when he visited Hohenschwangau Castle.

The Tasso-room

The "Tasso-room" was the bedroom of the kings. King Ludwig II. had something extraordinary installed in this room. There is a starry sky with illuminable stars and moon, integrated in the ceiling.


The Berchta-room

The "Berchta-room" was the writing room of Queen Mary. Surrounded by beautiful panted ornaments, the murals tell the Bavarian version of the legend about the birth of Charlemagne.

The vacational domicile of the royal highnesses


For centuries, Hohenschwangau Castle was used by the royal family as a holiday residence.


In the Museum of the Bavarian Kings you can learn more about the history of the Wittelsbach family.